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Background: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a genetic disorder affecting many males in India, necessitating a multidirectional management approach focused on enhancing the quality of life. Physiotherapy plays a crucial role in management; however, there is a lack of recommended exercises for DMD. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the impact of low-intensity aerobic exercises on physical activity and lung function in children with DMD. Materials and Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 66 DMD children. The participants were divided into three groups: Group I received low-intensity aerobic exercises, Group II performed a range of motion exercises, and Group III underwent conventional exercises. All groups followed a 60-minute exercise regimen, and each child received a home program. The study spanned ten weeks. Result: The data collected included physical activity assessments using the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Children (PAQ-C) and lung function measurements utilizing spirometry (FVC, FEV1, FEV1/VC). Assessments were conducted at baseline, after 10 weeks, and at the 20th week. Parametric tests and Kruskal-Wallis tests were employed for data analysis. Discussion: The results demonstrated significant improvements in physical activity and lung function after the intervention. The PAQ-C analysis yielded a Kruskal-Wallis test statistic of 39.65 (p < 0.001), indicating significant differences among the groups. Repeated measures ANOVA analysis showed significant improvements in FEV1, FVC, and FEV1/FVC with F values of 252.945, 31.43, and 78.35, respectively. Conclusion: Compared to the range of motion and conventional exercises, low-intensity aerobic exercises yielded superior results. Therefore, incorporating low-intensity aerobic exercises into managing Duchenne muscular dystrophy could be beneficial.

Keywords: Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Low-intensity aerobic exercises, Range of motion exercises, Physical training in children, Lung functions.

The Journal publishes original papers, current concepts, reviews and other articles relevant to physiotherapy with the aim to promote advances in research in the field of Physiotherapy. It also provides an opportunity for the expression of individual opinions on healthcare.The journal aims to promote research advances in the field of physiotherapy by publishing original papers, current concepts, reviews, and other relevant articles. In addition, it provides a platform for individuals to express their opinions on healthcare.

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