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   ABSTRACT

Background:  Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) is of clinical and public health importance, as it is very common, affecting up to one in five women of reproductive age, with 70% undiagnosed. ASRM/ESHRE criteria include ultrasound for diagnosis since 2003. Given limited diagnostic tools, a new PCOD scale or questionnaire is being developed to assess symptoms, aiming to enhance patient evaluation.

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to develop a new PCOD scale or questionnaire to assess patients, focusing on the symptoms of PCOD. 

Methodology: 277 individuals received a Google Forms questionnaire, categorized into PCOD diagnosis and exclusion criteria, with 174 and 103 respondents respectively. Bio statistical analysis evaluated questionnaire reliability, content validity, sensitivity, and specificity.

Materials and methods: A Likert scale questionnaire, reviewed at Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Medical College, was sent to 277 women aged 18-45 via WhatsApp and email from August 1 to September 15, 2023. Bio statistical analysis on September 16, 2023, evaluated reliability, validity, sensitivity, and specificity, with 174 PCOD-diagnosed respondents

Result: The study confirmed the self-made PCOD diagnosis questionnaire's reliability (Cronbach's alpha: 0.890) and validity (96%). It showed high internal consistency and construct validity. Content validity met the satisfactory level at 96%. Sensitivity identified PCOD-positive cases, while specificity accurately detected PCOD-negative cases at 60.2%.

Conclusion: The study found that women using the self-made questionnaire for early PCOD diagnosis, can score up   Points, with surpassing 15.5 indicating a high likelihood of PCOD positivity.

Keywords: Early diagnosis, PCOD, Questionnaire

The Journal publishes original papers, current concepts, reviews and other articles relevant to physiotherapy with the aim to promote advances in research in the field of Physiotherapy. It also provides an opportunity for the expression of individual opinions on healthcare.The journal aims to promote research advances in the field of physiotherapy by publishing original papers, current concepts, reviews, and other relevant articles. In addition, it provides a platform for individuals to express their opinions on healthcare.

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