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ABSTRACT

Background: Postmenopaus refers to the stage in a woman's life following menopause. Objective of study is to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (Mets) among pre and postmenopausal women in South Delhi as well as to identify association of MetS with various sociodemographic factors and menopausal status of women.

Materials and methods: The convenience sample for the study consisted of 320 females from South Delhi, aged 40-65, with recent medical reports, 160 of whom were premenopausal and 160 of whom were postmenopausal. The study employed a cross-sectional survey design. The NCEP ATP III criteria, which diagnose metabolic syndrome (MetS) when at least three of the five components are present, were used to evaluate MetS. Anthropometric parameters were measured using standard protocols.

Result: 45.9% of the women in the research, whose mean age was 50.42 ± 7.905 years, had metabolic syndrome. The prevalence was higher in postmenopausal women (64%) compared to premenopausal women (21.9%), and common characteristics included elevated waist circumference, elevated triglyceride levels, and hypertension. Significant correlations between education, age, employment, exercise habits, and physical inactivity were found in the research (p<0.005). Women who have undergone menopause were more susceptible to some aspects of the MetS.

Conclusion: In South Delhi, postmenopausal women had a greater risk of metabolic syndrome, which is strongly correlated with age, occupation, education, physical inactivity, and exercise habits. It is imperative to priorities lifestyle modifications and heightened physical exercise in order to tackle this.

Keywords- Menopause, post-menopausal women, pre-menopausal women, metabolic syndrome

 

The Journal publishes original papers, current concepts, reviews and other articles relevant to physiotherapy with the aim to promote advances in research in the field of Physiotherapy. It also provides an opportunity for the expression of individual opinions on healthcare." with "The journal aims to promote research advances in the field of physiotherapy by publishing original papers, current concepts, reviews, and other relevant articles. In addition, it provides a platform for individuals to express their opinions on healthcare.

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